Crib Sheets
Home Page
Calculator
Chemistry
Convert Units
Electronic
First Aid
Mnemonics

Geography
Geology
Mathematics
Music
Nautical
Numbers
Physics
VB.net Program
Weather
Web Programming
Wiring
DigitalDan Websites
DigitalDan Sites
Hit Counter 1066
 
©2000-2013 DigitalDan.co.uk
 
Contact Details
Email address scroller
www.DigitalDan.uk
DigitalDan's Scientific Website
First Aid Crib Sheet - Mnemonics
The content of First Aid Courses keep changing, please don't tell me if some mnemonic has been updated without a good reason. However, if there is a "genuine" reason for the change (e.g. Awareness of Agaonal Breathing in CPR,) I would welcome an email.
Someof these Mnemonics are intended for medical experts and not relevant unless you are trained and some duplicate others.
MnemonicMeaningExplanation
ABBBBBAssess Breathing Bleeding Breaks Burns Body_temp 
ACTAccess Communicate Treat 
ASH ICEAge Sex History Injuries Conciousness(level_of/any_changes) Everything_elseWhat to tell medics
AVPUAlert Voice(responds_to) Pain(can_it_be_felt) UnresponsiveLevels of conciousness
CASMEETCallsign Age Sex History Injuries/Illness Condition ETA
CHALETSCasualties(number_and_condition) Hazards Access(how_to_get_to_scene) Location Emergency_Services(what_is_needed) Type(of_incident) Safety(any_dangers) 
CHATChief_complaint History Allergies Treatment 
DOTSDeformity Open_wound Tenderness SwellingHead to toe survey
Drs ABCDanger(check_for) Response(check_for) Airway Breathing Circulation Disability Examination Further_treatmet Go_to_hospitalAmbulance treatment
Dr ABCDEFGDanger(check_for) Response(check_for) Shout(call_ambulance) Airway Breathing CirculationWhat to do if you find an unconcious casualty
FISH SHAPEDFainting Infantile_Convulsions Shock Head_injury Stroke Heart_attack Asphyxia(breathing_problem) Poisons Epilepsy DiabetiesCauses of Unconciousness
HEADHead Examination Action Documentation 
LIP DUSTLoss(of_movement) Irregularity Pain Deformity Unnatural(position/movement) Swelling TendernessWarnings to suspect a broken bone
Look Listen FeelLook(for_chest_movement) Listen(at_mouth) Feel(can_you_feal_breath)Is casualty breathing
See note on Agonal Breathing
PEARLPupils Equal_and Reactive_to Light 
PEEPPosition Exposure Elevate(the_bleeding_limb) PressureDealing with bleeding
PLASTICPain Loss(of_movement) Angle(bones_displaced) Swelling Tenderness Irregularity CrepitisWarnings to suspect a broken bone
PQRSTUProvoke Quality(Ache/sharp/pulsing) Radiating Severity(does_this_change?) Timing Usual(Does_casualty_think_this_is_normal)Recording casualties perception of pain
REEDRest Expose Elevate Direct(pressure)Severe Bleeding
RICERest Ice Compression ElevationSprains and Strains
SAMPLESigns(and_Symptoms) Allergies Medication Previous(Medical_History) Last(When_casualty_last_ate/drank) Event(history) 
SCALDSize Cause Age Location Depth 
Notes
Agonal Breathing - It is possible for an unconcious casualty to make noises similar to gasping without breathing. Not breathing will cause death, with CPR they have a chance! (There is an internet video clip in circulation showing successful CPR on an Agonal patient)
 
CPR - Adult who has drowned = 5 rescue breaths then repeat (30 chest compressions + 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives
CPR - Adult who did not drown = repeat (30 chest compressions + 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives
CPR - Child = 5 rescue breaths then repeat (30 chest compressions + 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives
 
CPR - Death due to Chemical Poisoning - Consider your own safety, if chemicals killed the casualty, they may also kill you!
 
These notes are not intended as First Aid advice - they are purely some mnemonics that could be both outdated and wrong - if you want to know more consider a course or first-aid sites provided by medical experts.
DigitalDan.uk is part of the DigitalDan.co.uk group